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HumCollective - The Etruscans In Italy 900-509 BC Last...

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The Etruscans In Italy: 900-509 BC, Last Kingdom Overthrown Precursors of the Romans Backing up in Time and heading West. Etruscans living in Italy during late Dark Ages & Archaic Time Period of Greece. Later Taken over by Latin speaking people called the Romans Herodotus recounts Lyndian origins of the Etruscans Herodotus tells us Etruscans came from Asian Minor, from an area called Lydia. There is evidence to support this (DNA and cranium studies that compare Lydians and these people support him) As early as 900 BC, Etruscans living in Italy and they have a lot of contact with Greeks shown via their art and trading. Imported Greek art (vases) and olive oil. Southern Italy: Greek Colonies Southern peninsula surrounded by water. Etruscans very sea-faring people. Increased cultural interaction in the Mediterranean, particularly eastern Mediterranean. They were pirates just like the Greeks . Each Etruscan cite was a separate city state and each had a KING. City states had common language, culture and religion. They also had an alphabet that is somehow derived from Greek alphabet, but still very obscure. Cities: inland about 3 miles, little physical remains of where they lived What we know about their lives is what we mainly know from their tombs – most still intact. Mainly little mounds in the country Necropolis: Necropoleis City of the Dead: necro means dead and polis means city. Constructed away from the city of the living. Even today zoning prohibits you from burying grandma in the background. Look like beehive tombs. Tumulus: carved out of tufa (volcanic rock) Tumulus: Latin word for tomb (in Greece everything is made of marble) but most if Italy is made of tufa (volcanic rock) It is said that it is easy to carve when it is fresh and once exposed to the air, it becomes very hard. Inside tomb: look as though they are designed to replicate the inside of houses – kinda shows what the inside of an Etruscan house must have looked like Carve in the tomb: They had cooking pans, pillows, everything you would need in the afterlife. Inside there are tiny little early IONIC capitals. [the delicate kind] this again supports Herodotus claims. Lucullus(loculi): where you place the dead bodies. There are family tombs that are routinely opened and the body is placed in a different Lucullus until next person. Interiors were carved AND painted. Other tombs were simply painted and not carved. Aeolic Capitals: *Early Ionic Style, influence of Asia Minor, Lydia
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PAINTINGS Painting: very dynamic, large drinking cups you brought your own, they are clothed and noted for their modesty (originated the toga via their robes). Elaborate and prosperous, vitality, energy, movement.
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