The Cold War, AbroadThe Cold WaroA set of antagonistic relations between the US and the USSR short of all out waroBoth sides were responsible and viewed each other with suspicionYalta ConferenceoIncluded FDR, Stalin, and ChurchilloDiscussed their plans for the postwar worldoAn example of wartime cooperationA plan for the United NationsoTension between decision of Poland and GermanyPoland- border and government typeGermany- split into 4 zonesPostdam ConferenceoIncluded Truman, Stalin, and ChurchilloLittle wartime cooperation because of TrumanNot a good negotiator and saw Stalin as a threatTruman Doctrine, 1947oSpeech Truman gives to Congress as to why the US should help aid the pro-democratic movement (in Greece) against the spread of communismContainment, 1947oWe must contain communismoCreated by George KennanAmerican diplomat in the Soviet during WW2
Marshall PlanoFinancial aid for West Europe to rebuildoCreated by George MarshallSecretary of State (under Truman admin)Berlin Air LiftoSoviet threatened to blockade Berlin if the Allies re-unite their zones/GermanyoTruman air lifts supplies to Allie zones in BerlinoEast Germany= pro-communistWest Germany= pro-democraticoCreated NATONATOoNorth Atlantic Treaty OrganizationoA military alliance between US and Western European countriesCIAoCentral Intelligence AgencyoA spy organization for the President to use with foreign affairs without the approval of CongressoCreated under the National Security Act, 1949Red ChinaoChina goes communistoJiang Jieshi= Chinese rulerUS supportedoMao Tesedong= challenged Jieshi at the end of WW2; civil warReason for communismThe Cold War at Home
The 2ndRed ScareoConcerns came from the Soviet Union aggression/bomb and China goingcommunistHUACoHouse Un-Americans CommitteeoSought to expose communists in the governmentoTarget HollywoodCalled and questioned people in Hollywood on communismCreated a “Black List” of people questioned and made it hard for them to find jobs.Ronald Reagan was questioned“Hollywood Ten”= didn’t cooperate and were put in jailTruman’s Loyalty ProbesoFederal Employee Loyalty ProgramIf you work for the federal government, your file was reviewed. Anything suspicious was questioned by the FBI.School records, personal: homosexuals, debt, jobsHiss TrialoAlger Hiss (former high ranking employee) was accused by Whittaker Chambers for passing information to the Soviets. oConvicted of perjury and sent to jail.Rosenburg TrialoEthel and Julius Rosenburg were members of the Communist Party who were thought to have leaked bomb information to the SovietsoConvicted and tried together; executed in 1953McCarthyo“McCarthyism”
oRepublican senator who claimed to have a list of Communists in the state departments.