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Chapters 1,2,5.docx - CHAPTER 1- THE SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY...

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CHAPTER 1- THE SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGYMandatoryRecommendedPsychologyPsychology’s Goals:Description, Explanation,Prediction, ControlMajor Perspectives in Psychology-Psychodynamic-Behavioral-Humanistic-Cognitive-Socio-Cultural-Biopsychological-EvolutionaryThe Scientific Method(5 steps)1.Perceiving the Question- Formulating a Theory2.Forming a Hypothesis- Operational Definition (pg.29)3.Testing the Hypothesis4.Drawing Conclusions5.Reporting your ResultsDescriptive MethodsNaturalistic vs. Laboratory ObservationCase StudiesSurveysSample vs. Population(Representative Sample)Random SelectionCorrelational StudiesPositive & Negative CorrelationsWilhelm WundtStructuralismWilliam JamesFunctionalismMary Whiton CalkinsFrancis Cecil SumnerBasic vs. Applied ResearchStatistics & StatisticallySignificantPractice EffectsExpectancy EffectsDemand Characteristics
Correlation CoefficientThe Experimental MethodIndependent VariableDependent VariableExperimental vs. Control (Placebo) Group

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