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COMM 1300 Study Guide

COMM 1300 Study Guide - COMM 1300 FINAL PREPARATION 1 You...

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COMM 1300 FINAL PREPARATION 1. You should be familiar with the concept of "rhetorical situation." What are the basic components of the rhetorical situation and how do they relate to one another? Rhetorical Situation= Situation in which people’s understanding can be changed through messages. Components of Rhetorical Situation: Speaker, Speech, Audience, & Occasion A. Audience: Most of the time speakers want to identify with their audience by trying to find common ground. B. Occasion: Could be ceremonial (focuses on the present, usually involves praise), deliberative (focuses on the future, usually involves concern and what should be done about it), & forensic (focuses on the past, usually concerned with justice) C. Speaker: If different speakers deliver same speech, it can produce different reactions. Interest in subject is made through by voice, delivery, & imagery. D. Speech: The message itself also works to shape the situation. Audience’s understanding of a situation cam be improved by using interesting examples & memorable phrases. 2. You should be familiar with the four methods of delivery (methods of preparing and delivering speeches) discussed in class. What are strengths and weaknesses of each? Types of Delivery: Extemporaneous, Expository, Impromptu, & Invented A. Extemporaneous delivery is very organized, planned, more audience interaction, and planned out. (ex: sermons/grad speeches) B. Manuscripted is used when you have memory lapses (+), if you are just reading (+ or -), eloquent (+), and has lots of info (+) C. Impromptu has little preparation (+ or -), anxiety (-), & has potential for BS (-) D. Invented 3. You should know the best method for choosing a topic and strategies for narrowing your choice. You should be able to explain obstacles to effective speechmaking that arise from the subject of the speech.
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