Title:Dietary Pattern Enhancing the Performance ofAthletesSubject: ABCT4770 Research ProjectBySUNG Sin Tung18046666DProject Supervisor: Dr. Marcus WongDate:
Table of Contents1.Abstract2.Introduction2.12.23.Materials and method126.96.36.199.Review & Discussion4.1 – 188.8.131.52 – 4.2.1/4.2.2….4.3 -- 4.1.35.Conclusion6.Reference7.Appendix1
AbstractThis research project aims to determine the dietary patterns enhancing the performance ofathletes. Diet is an essential component in the body, especially for enhancing performance inathletic training. Athletes usually consume diets rich in macronutrient and micronutrientcontent that can help boost their performance, enhance recovery, improve their immunity, andcorrect deficiencies. The performance of athletes is related to a range of factors, includingathletes' emotions, sleeping quality, team environment. Most athletes require sufficient totalenergy, carbohydrate, protein, and fluid replenishment.The consumption of carbohydratescompensates for glycogen storage, while the protein intake builds and repairs muscles. Theintake of sufficient fluid is for helping them to stay hydrated.The research project analyzed previous research articles on dietary patterns and performancein athletes. Internet searches such as Google Scholar, PubMed, and Web Science were used.The general audience included human beings, while the target audience included both femaleand male athletes. The study also included original articles and journals describing dietarypatterns on athletic performance written in English. The exclusion criteria were any articleswritten in other foreign languages. Studies that investigated training, exercise, or physicalactivity were excluded. The main goal after an intense exercise is recovery which includesproviding enough carbohydrates and energy to restore depleted glycogen stores in themuscles due to intense exercise. Protein and carbohydrates provide 4kcal/g, while fat canproduce the highest amount, 9kcal/g. ACSM recommends athletes who want more strengthand endurance to consume 1.2-1.7g/kg of daily proteins per body weight. Athletes shouldplan their meals accordingly for quality health and performance while focusing on both theirmacronutrient and caloric requirements by eating a well-balanced diet from various foodgroups.Keywords:Dietary patterns, performance, nutrition status, athletes.2
2. IntroductionWith the advancement of technologies in modern society, the performance of athletes isrelated to a range of factors, including athletes’ emotions, sleeping quality, team environment(Mueller & Hingst 2013). Within these external factors, nutrition and training of the athletewith proper strategies act as a supportive role in enhancing the performance of athletes(Mueller & Hingst 2013).