18 China Turns to the West

18 China Turns to the West - China Turns to the West 1. The...

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China Turns to the West 1. The Sino-Soviet Alliance 2. Internal Turmoil a. Enemies of the State 1951-52 i. During the 1950s Mao started campaign against the “enemies of the state,” actual and potential. They were considered as “war criminals, traitors, bureaucratic capitalists, and counterrevolutionaries.” Many were executed or imprisoned after show trials of the accused. College pro and scholars were asked to “self-criticize” b. The First Five-Yr Plan 1953-57 i. Stressed the development of heavy industry on the Soviet model. Most pressing need: food for the burgeoning pop, domestic capital, etc. ii. All the people, including recently demobilized soldiers, were mobilized in a campaign to reconstruct the econ of the country c. “100 Flowers” Campaign 56-57: encouraged criticism and called off repression. Eventually Mao saw the event as overly critic, he fears for his own political position, hence he called off the campaign d. The “Great Leap Forward” 58-60- Mao’s crash program to
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18 China Turns to the West - China Turns to the West 1. The...

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