21 Middle East from Camp David to Desert Storm

21 Middle East from Camp David to Desert Storm - Middle...

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Middle East from Camp David to Desert Storm 1. Iran and the rise of Islamic Fundamentalism a. Iran (dominated by Russia and GB in 19 th + 20 th century) as a regional power in the Middle East b. Problems for America’s Ally (late 1970s), Shah of Iran, Pahlevi, begins to realize Iran is of central MidE power. Britain is starting to w/draw from Persian Gulf vacuum of power US’s POV: shah is strongly anti-comm and Iran is in the perfect location in blocking USSR from penetrating MidE c. 1 st prob: Concern for slow economy, Shah welcomes intl’ business on commercial interests conflict b/t Iranian vs. intl’ firms d. 2 nd prob: Shah envisioned modernization of Iran by having strong statesman to reinforce it powerful domestic police power to repress e. 3 rd prob: promote secularism, antagonize Muslim f. Iranian Revolution (1978-79), Avatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, preaches the overthrown of government end of Shah g. US action: nonchalant during crisis and now the shah is overthrown
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course HI 350 taught by Professor Keylor during the Spring '07 term at BU.

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21 Middle East from Camp David to Desert Storm - Middle...

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