22 Africa

22 Africa - Africa: The Challenges of Independence 1. The...

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Africa: The Challenges of Independence 1. The Legacy of European Dominance a. Germany loses its African colonies after WWI: Cameroons, German E. Africa, German SW Africa, Togoland b. Africa’s road to political independence (45-94): After WWII, only 3 independent African countries that joined the new UN: Liberia, Ethiopia, and Egypt. The rest remained under Euro control. 40 yrs later, Euro powers were gone and by 1994, all of Africa were granted independence 2. Some Case Studies of Decolonization a. Counterinsurgency in Kenya i. British colony. 1952- a militant group, Mau Mau, launched a campaign of violence against the Euro settlers and the gov. that protected them ii. Jomo Kenyatta, leader of the Kikuyu resistance to British rule iii. Counterinsurgency op. fails 1950s: Mau Mau defeated Brit British pulls out Kenyatta becomes president 1964 b. France and North Africa i. France leaves N. Africa 1. ’56: Morocco monarchy 2. ’56: Tunisia 3. ’62: Algeria problem: French Algerians refused to leave. Ahmed
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22 Africa - Africa: The Challenges of Independence 1. The...

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