lecture outlines for posting3

lecture outlines for posting3 - Lecture 3 EEB 13 15 January...

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Lecture 3 – EEB 13 – 15 January 2008 Dr. Hespenheide Evolution - definition: directional change through time conflict between religion and science - conflict is recent (Gould’s description of 19 th century flat earth controversy) - for most of last 2000 years most science done in church or church- founded universities ( e.g. , Venerable Bede and date of Easter) - if God had created Nature, then study of Nature gave insight into God - origin of conflict began with Galileo and increased by Darwin politically controversial - Q: what should be taught in schools? - evolution? – science - creationism? – religion - intelligent design? - supported by president Geo. W. Bush (LA Times editorial) - proposed as scientific alternative to evolution in court cases (Cobb Co., GA; Pennsylvania; Lebec, CA; and others) - is intelligent design a scientific alternative (H A ) to evolution? “intelligent design” – “argument from design” not a new idea, goes back to Wm. Paley (1802): complexity implies design, design implies “designer” (= “God”?) [Paley’s example of watch may have inspired Dawkins’ “Blind Watchmaker”] Darwin bothered by characters of extreme perfection – for example, an eye or a wing Question: how do you evolve complex structures from simpler ones if the intermediate stages can’t function?
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modern intelligent design – two arguments proposed: “irreducible complexity” made by biochemist Michael Behe in 1996 book “Darwin’s Black Box” argued that cell’s chemistry is too complex; if simplified beyond a minimal amount, cell can’t function (“irreducible”) but Behe admitted evolution occurred once cells existed “specified complexity” made by mathematician William Dembski argued that biological complexity that matches an “independent given pattern” (for example, the similarity between an eye and a camera) cannot be produced by natural selection because it is
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lecture outlines for posting3 - Lecture 3 EEB 13 15 January...

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