1 Prehistoric Era- Struggle for Survival

1 Prehistoric Era- Struggle for Survival - The Prehistoric...

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The Prehistoric Era: The Struggle of Survival Reading Notes WE: pp. xxix to 7 The First Civilizations III. The Earliest Humans Prehistoric : Before Written History, just use primary sources such as art and artifacts. **Homo erectus Homo sapiens **BIG Picture: Humanity changed from people who gathered and hunted food wherever to farmers in small villages. This led to increase in pop. And forming of larger, long lived towns. Paleolithic: Ice Age: glaciers Human Beings as Food Gatherers Labor in Early Communities a. labor divided on basis of sex (women role gathering and caring for young) b. quarrels broke out between societies (hunting bands for territory, men assumed leadership n gained prominence in their communities) The Old Stone Age a. Old stone age, Paleolithic age: period when people gathered food b. Developed paintings (cave paintings in Lascaux, France n Spain) provide evidence for 1 main theme of history: attempt to communicate with forces outside human control through symbolic action, art n thought. Human Beings as food Producers The Discovery of Agriculture a. Neolithic Revolution: from hunt/gather to producing food b. New approach made possible to feed more, required long term planning, skills n specialties. Agriculture becomes largest single factor in economy of the world. Patterns in Population a. Why the revolution: driving force was to increase pop. As mankind grew in Paleolithic age, prey became scarcer n it became important to have continuous food supply/ reserve b. Storage of food became task for whole community, led to social cooperation n social control (political org. and gov.) c. Protection and expansion come into play Early Near Eastern Villages The First Settlements a. Neolithic Revolution 1 st prolly occurred in hills of now southern Turkey n northern Iraq (Tigris river) Invention, Travel, Trade a. villages become more versatile: pottery (storage), weaving b. people begin to travel in crude rafts n carts with wheels n trade Agricultural Communities a. concerned with fertility n turned to divine powers for help, earth mothers Beginning of Human history to 11000 BC: Old Stone Age (hunt gather) 11000 BC: Neolithic revolution or New Stone Age (produce) 900 BC: earliest settlements unwalled n unfortified
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800 BC: somewhat larger villages HWT: pp. 5-9 Civilizations I. Prehistory e The Paleolithic Age a. Paleolithic Age: Earliest tool making by humans from East Africa, ended
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course HUMANITIES Humanities taught by Professor Soniasorrell during the Fall '07 term at Pepperdine.

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1 Prehistoric Era- Struggle for Survival - The Prehistoric...

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