3 Ancient Egypt- New & Old Kingdoms

3 Ancient Egypt- New & Old Kingdoms - Ancient Egypt I...

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Ancient Egypt I: The Old Kingdom The Quest for Immortality Class Notes l Herodotus A. Herodotus : known as the first historian. Traveled all around Mediterranean went to Egypt and saw pyramids (by then they were 2000 years old) Wrote down mummification process. i. His writings were called “The Writings” and they are a nice primary source for the ancient world in 5 th century BC. ii. Famous quotes—most impressed by accomplishments of Egypt. He said “Egypt is the gift of the Nile . Geography iii. Nile flows from south to the north, converging into the delta. Because river goes opposite direction we would assume it to go, we have to examine how Egypt saw land. Bottom of river was upper Egypt, and top of river (where delta is) is called lower Egypt iv. Nile East: sun appeared to rise on that side. It was called the land of the living, where all the houses and temples would be, workshops and markets v. Nile West: where sun set. Land of the Dead. Where people were buried. vi. Nile is the longest river, Herodutus pointed out that Egypt is the gift of Nile because the Nile every year overflows its boundaries, stays there a while, deposits silt from water (from Africa nutrients etc) sediments filter out and then it recedes back to usual boundaries and that leaves new layer of farm soil for people. vii. Because of this, they had an edge in produce and they had the resources to trade for precious stones and high standard of living. This game them sense of optimism, sense of security and those things are reflected in everything that they did. viii. It was different than Tigris and Euphrates, b/c it didn’t flood out of control like they did. Tigris and Euphrates shallow and marshy, but Nile is a nice deep river, you can navigate it most of its distance and it has small areas of cataracts but most of it u can sail in a ship. It was good for trading, transportation (carry soldiers). It was unbelievably easy to navigate (to go down u just put up your sail) ix. They treated Nile like a god, they sang hymns to it: hail to you oh Nile. (RA was sun god) people laughing joyous and celebrating x. Today: Nile no longer floods like that. (it has been dammed so it doesn’t flood modern cities) xi. Away from Nile you find the desert: it served as a boundary to protect Egypt— for nearly 3000 years, almost no attack. Desert has also helped to preserve artifacts. xii. Egyptians had a lot of free time to develop different things . Hieroglyphics
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xiii. Hiero means sacred, glyphic mean writings. It is formal elite writing. It was the domain of priests and highest aristocrats. It was the key to power. They also had a faster writing called demotic for more quick. – Hieroglyphics used by Greeks too) Earliest developed out of pictographs. xiv.
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course HUMANITIES Humanities taught by Professor Soniasorrell during the Fall '07 term at Pepperdine.

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3 Ancient Egypt- New & Old Kingdoms - Ancient Egypt I...

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