14 The Roman Empire - The Roman Empire Romanization and...

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The Roman Empire Romanization and Urbanization Benefits of Rome extended to the provinces Gave them cities in order to keep track of them, extended government, roman law courts, roman citizenship, built new cities and gave them benefits of living in cities as well. o Housing o Sanitation o Food distribution o Police o Fire Departments o Water via aqueducts o Roads o Bridges By giving them such benefits they expected to gain the people’s loyalty Roads built over 50,000 miles of roads Often built by slaves or soldiers, very durable Some very elaborate, especially in Asia Minor o Appian Way o Via sacra: sacred way o Harbor Street (Ephesus) o Streets of Pompeii (south of Rome) Sidewalks, painted houses, paving stones for the road, stepping stones just the distance of a kart or a chariot Most roman houses did not have indoor plumbing, or toilets. They were supposed to use chamber pots and take them to the dump, but many would just throw it in the street. Streets were dirty and smelly; downside to urbanization Roads are important for administration, communication, moving troops. It is a way to supply garrisons and forts. Way to facilitate trade and order. Aqueducts Means Water, to lead Took the idea of concrete and made it better. Materials for concrete can be found basically anywhere. Worked by gravity with a tiny incline, could take water over 50 miles Picked practicality over aesthetics: they left the scaffolding on the bridges so that they could fix them later Brought water to fountains in the city. Only the wealthiest had water in their actual houses. Pont du Gard : in Gaul,Roman aqueduct that was very practical and also served as a bridge. Took the idea of the arch and exploited it. The arch is very stable. Also aesthetically pleasing Bridges
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Romans would build bridges for the people, they never had bridges so this was a great perk made possible for them. Pons Aelius, Rome: again using arch and concrete technology Sanitation Gave them sewers Rome built on 7 hills and below the hills would be marshland. They were getting malaria and they drained marshes to expand area (believed malaria it was from the fumes) Cloaca Maxima: the Big sewer Harbor Facilities Ancient roman ports only know from wall paintings and coins. Painting: ports had storage areas, piers, docks, many ships, constructed all over Mediterranean Facilitated navy and Trade City Planning Grid out Castrum Plan: started cities from army camp Individual troops would be sent as administrative centers. They kept the peace and
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14 The Roman Empire - The Roman Empire Romanization and...

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