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12 The Roman Republic - Etruscans Three named divinities...

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March 29, 2006 Etruscans Three named divinities Last king overthrown in 509 BC, hence the founding of Rome Roman Republic OVERVIEW Beginning in 509 BC, and subsequently the founding of Rome took Place The republic is a form of democracy. It was much more like today, you vote for someone who is actually representative. Idea of representative government They formed a constitution with 3 main divisions, 2 consuls o 2 Consuls: One consul for military and one for civic - elected every single year o Senate (comes from word older, wiser men) - 300 of them - Elected for life - They could not vote, only assemblies of people could vote - They were merely advisory - Older, well established, distinguished military histories - Senate was very conservative o Assemblies - Made of all male citizens - They actually to vote STRUGGLE OF THE ORDERS Patricians o Wealthy backgrounds, had things at the beginning of the republic o Just about 5-7% at early republic could claim to be patricians Plebeians o Didn’t have lots of land, or big businesses, couldn’t claim noble lineage o Through time they gain more wealth and land (through some conquests) and are in a position to start challenging the authority of individuals who called themselves patricians. o Pretty soon that distinction is erased o Started to challenge the rights that patricians had given themselves o Said they needed a written law code, they convinced the patricians to write down the law (law of 12 tables) Law of Twelve Tables o One of few times where it is internally peaceful o Did this change peaceful within the constitution, there are slow changes. Beginning of republic seen as “good ol’ days” Constitutional Changes o Done peacefully, looked back on them fondly o The below allowed for peaceful change that did and could happen, showed constitution was well written, solid. Even our founding fathers based our law on roman laws (innocent till proven guilty ex)
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o First grappled with natural law – are their laws that supersede any kind of law that man can legislate (most would say murder and incest are wrong, you cannot say those are okay) some things so big and horrible that you cannot legislate o Very legalistic and very specific and helped to keep Roman Republic together Times are a’ changing for All (social class) o 545, Plebs could marry patricians and at least through them you could o 50% of top positions could then go to plebs o 300 Plebs can have position of chief priesthoods (gave them lots of power and wealth) o 287 Plebs could pass laws that everyone would have to obey; binding on all Romans Punic Wars Between 264-146 Between Rome and Carthage (a Venetian colony) o Venetian colonies in north Africa: Latin word for Venetian was Punic Legendary cause o Written and relates to Trojan War (with homer we saw that Greeks defeated Trojans and left troy in ruins) what happened to Trojans??? That
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