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First Quiz Clues 5.3.07

First Quiz Clues 5.3.07 - UCR Sociology 158 Religion Spring...

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UCR Sociology 158 Religion Spring 2007 Midterm Clues (this is not a contract, just a list of helpful study suggestion!) Note: The upcoming quiz will cover all lecture material, videos, and readings up to and including Friday May 4th. It will consist of multiple choice; fill-in-the-blanks; short answer; and possibly a short essay. MAX = 100 pts. Bring a scantron (small green 50 question variety- s82-e?), pencils, eraser, and your own good wits. 1. What are the 5 ways of knowing the world and what do they involve? How might we be able to distinguish between Faith, Morality, and Religion ? What is a functional definition of religion? What is the I-Ching and what role did it play in politics, music, and other aspects of human social life over the past 2000 years? 5 Ways to know the world Experience: (once bitten, twice shy) Tradition (passed down from generation to generation) Authority (socially defined sources of knowledge, such as professors or officials) Science (based on empirical evidence gained through systematic observation) Faith (unverifiable belief, but typically very strong emotions) Faith: systems of beliefs, philosophies, and doctrines Morality: involves principles and codes of behavior—we think it is appropriate to follow Religion: What is it? A noun or a verb? Substantive vs. functional Substantive: Spiritual matters? Belief in spiritual beings? Ritual and practices? (church, meditation, etc.) Functional: Beliefs in practices enacted in a group in response to questions they have I-Ching: Another way of understanding the world The universe resonates with questions to produce answers 2. Do you recall the relationships between the three levels of sociological analysis and the constraints involved? What is the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis? Thomas Theorem? How do our basic categories of thought and language relate to religions? Who are the Nacirema and what can we learn from the about cultural relativism ? Be able to define sacred and profane . How do they relate to MOOP ? Three levels of sociological analysis: Macro: institutions Meso: Organizations Micro: Individuals Constraints - What is and is not available to us shapes what we know and how we think. Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: language shapes our perceptions of what is, and what is possible - We have lots of words for some things and not many for others. - Religions have been couched in particular languages W.I. Thomas Theorem: “ Situations defined as real are real in their consequences…” The Nacirema - American spelled backwards
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- Cultural relativity: The way we examine their exercise of body ritual through the eyes of our own culture. Sacred - Profane - MOOP - something is sacred until it is out of place, then it is profane - Individual beliefs give rise to structure. 3.
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First Quiz Clues 5.3.07 - UCR Sociology 158 Religion Spring...

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