{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

soc 040 discussion study guide

soc 040 discussion study guide - Part I Theory Evaluation 1...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Part I. Theory Evaluation 1. What is the difference between a micro and macro theory of crime? Micro addresses why are there variations in groups rates of crime and Macro explains why there are some individuals who are more likely than others to commit crimes. Example of Micro: (1) Why does the United States have higher rates of firearm homicide and suicide than Canada, Britain, Germany and other industrialized nations? (2) Why do males as a group commit more violent crimes than females? Example of Macro: (1) Why are some persons more likely to break the law than others? (2) Under what circumstances do individuals typically obey or violate the law. 2. When referring to criteria for theory evaluation, what do we mean by: a. Logical Consistency? b. Scope? c. Parsimony? d. Testability? e. Empirical validity? f. Usefulness? g. Policy Implications? 3. What do criminological theories seek to answer? (1) Why are there variations in groups rates of crime? (2) Why are some individuals more likely than others to commit crimes. Part II. Different Theories of Crime
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Demonological Theory 1. How does demonological theory explain crime? It is the oldest explanation of crime in which crime is attributed to preternatural forces and a criminal is a sinner under control of Satan. 2. What is the great schism? What led to it? It was a split in the catholic church in 1378. The schism in the Western church resulted from the untimely return of the Papacy from Avignon to Rome by Pope Gregory XI in 1378, ending the Avignon Papacy. 3. What role did the inquisition play in terms of the administration of criminal justice? Inquisition: Numbers evidence inquisition accepted method of administering CJ in Europe. Executions weren’t carried out by the church, but by civil authority. 4. What historical conditions gave rise to the inquisition? Weaknesses in both State fueled by wars; weaknesses in Church fueled by fear of heresies led to an ‘unholy’ alliance between two institutions in the Middle Ages. This gave rise to the inquisition--Elimination of those disagreeing with official beliefs. It allowed civil authorities to execute threats to state. The accused faced torture, hanging, beheading, burning at the stake, or other horrific method. Execution was a reminder that sinner (heretic) or criminal had engaged in behaviors outside his/her control. 5. How did the inquisition serve the church and state? It eliminated those disagreeing with official beliefs. Allowed civil authorities to execute threats to state.
Image of page 2
Classical Theory (Rational Choice Theory) 1. What gave rise to the classical school? --Backlash to administration of justice in Europe in 17th and 18th centuries. --cruel, uncertain, unpredictable, biased, and based on caprice. --penal policy designed to control ‘dangerous’ classes: unemployed, workers, masses; non property owners.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern