Law - Main Legislation Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (as...

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Main Legislation Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (as amended) Americans with Disability Act (ADA) of 1990 Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA) Amendments of 1997 Telecommunications Act of 1996 Fair Housing Act of 1988 Air Carrier Access Act Assistive Technology Act of 1998 Medicaid Medicare 1
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Rehabilitation Act Prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in programs conducted by Federal agencies, in programs receiving Federal financial assistance, in Federal employment, and in the employment practices of Federal contractors (Sec. 504) Mandates reasonable accommodation in employment and secondary education when receiving federal funding – Resulted in architectural changes on campuses and work settings (elevators, ramps, voice and Braille labels) Requires that each state include a provision for Assistive Technology in each vocational rehabilitation plan Sec. 508 ensures access to electronic office equipment (including IT and telecommunications) to persons with disabilities working for the federal government – “Accessible” means that be operated in a variety of ways and does not rely on a single sense or ability of the user. 2
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Rehabilitation Act Authorizes funding for the states to provide rehabilitation services for people with disabilities to prepare for, engage in, or retain gainful employment. These services include: – Evaluation – Counseling – Training – Placement – Rehab technology services Defines Rehabilitation Technology as “the application of technologies, engineering methods, or scientific principles to meed the needs of, and address the barriers confronted by, individuals with disabilities” . This includes: – Rehabilitation engineering – Assistive technology devices – Assistive technology services 3
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Vocational Rehabilitation Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) is administered through state rehab agencies (federal-state partnership) Operates at the case services level through a Individual Plan for Employment (IPE) – Contract between service provider and recipient – Must include the provision of rehab technology services to assist in the implementation of intermediate and long- term goals, where it is found appropriate Some individuals are deemed ineligible for VR service because (1) they don t have vocational goals or (2) VR does not believe it can help them – In this case, they may use Independent Living services • Provided through community-based independent living centers – Independent living is also funded by the Rehab Act 4
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American with Disability Act (ADA) The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in: Employment State and local government Public accommodations Commercial facilities Transportation Telecommunications It also applies to the US Congress 5
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ADA - Rationale “Individuals with disabilities are a discrete and insular minority who have been faced with restrictions and limitations, subjected to a history of purposeful unequal treatment and relegated to a position of political
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Law - Main Legislation Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (as...

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