Normal - Eugenics : The study of hereditary improvements of...

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What is “normal”? Who is normal and who is not? Is society/environment determining what is normal and what is disabled? What happens when everyone has the same disability? 1 Example 1: Martha ! s Vineyard Incidence of deafness in the 1880 ! s: – US: 1 in ~6000 – Martha ! s vineyard: 1 in 155 • Chilmark: 1 in 25 – Squibnocket: 1 in 4 “Everyone spoke sign language” – Even hearing persons • Even town meetings are signed – Deafness not considered an handicap 2
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Example 2: The Country of the Blind “The Country of the Blind”, a tale by H.G. Wells – The village was built in an “accessible” way – Blind inhabitants self-sufficient and content – Sighted visitor considered a “fool”, with underdeveloped sensorial system – It is not clear who is disabled and who is not! 3 The Risk of Pursuing Normalcy at All Costs
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Unformatted text preview: Eugenics : The study of hereditary improvements of the human race by controlled selective breeding Positive eugenics Encourage a designated most t to reproduce Negative eugenics Discourage/prevent less t from reproducing Eugenic programs in 20th century: Genetic screening/counseling Birth control (possibly by forced sterilization) Marriage restriction Segregation Abortion (possibly forced) Euthanasia Genocide 4 The Risk of Pursuing Normalcy at All Costs A danger: Eliminating disability may sound like Eliminating people with disability R. Olkin ! s The Human Rights of Children with Disability Right #6: Not to Be Made to Feel that "People Like Them" Should Be Prevented 5...
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Normal - Eugenics : The study of hereditary improvements of...

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