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Chapter 6: Social Control and DevianceSocial Deviance:Any transgression of socially established norms. * Informal Deviancerefers to the fact that an individual (or group of individuals) may be slightly non-conformist to the general trend of society; however, his/her/their behavior does not constitute an illegal act.*Formal deviancedescribes an act committed by a person or group of persons that contravenes (goes against) the established laws of society. A formal deviant is therefore a criminal.Deviance:*Involves breaking a norm, and accepted rule of behavior.*Many deviant acts go unnoticed or are considered too trivial to warrant punishment.*Famous “Deviants”: Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, Susan B. AnthonyDeviance and Social Control:*Social Cohesion:refers to the way people form social bonds; how well people relate to each other and get along on a day-to-day basis. Émile Durkheimtheorized that social cohesionis established either through:*Mechanical Solidarity— based on the sameness of society’s parts or members, or *Organic Solidarity—based on the interdependence of specialized parts or members.*Social Control:is the set of mechanisms that create normative compliance in individuals.*Normative compliance is the act of abiding by society’s norms or simply following the rules of group life.