Review- Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Social Control and Deviance...

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Chapter 6: Social Control and Deviance Social Deviance : Any transgression of socially established norms. * Informal Deviance refers to the fact that an individual (or group of individuals) may be slightly non-conformist to the general trend of society; however, his/her/their behavior does not constitute an illegal act. *Formal deviance describes an act committed by a person or group of persons that contravenes (goes against) the established laws of society. A formal deviant is therefore a criminal. Deviance: *Involves breaking a norm, and accepted rule of behavior. *Many deviant acts go unnoticed or are considered too trivial to warrant punishment. *Famous “Deviants”: Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, Susan B. Anthony Deviance and Social Control: *Social Cohesion: refers to the way people form social bonds; how well people relate to each other and get along on a day-to-day basis. Émile Durkheim theorized that social cohesion is established either through : *Mechanical Solidarity — based on the sameness of society’s parts or members, or *Organic Solidarity —based on the interdependence of specialized parts or members. *Social Control: is the set of mechanisms that create normative compliance in individuals. * Normative compliance is the act of abiding by society’s norms or simply following the rules of group life.

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