Anatomy of the Brain and Cranial Nerves (3).pptx - ANATOMY...

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COLLEGE PHYSICSChapter # Chapter TitlePowerPoint Image SlideshowANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGYChapter 13 ANATOMY OF NERVOUS SYSTEMPowerPoint Image Slideshow
BRAINANDCRANIAL NERVES
MAJOR REGIONS OF THE BRAINCerebrumCerebellumBrain stemFunctions of the Brain Video
MENINGES OF THE BRAINDura mater:Extends inward to form folds:Falx cerebriFalx cerebelliTentorium cerebelliArachnoid materSubarachnoid space contains CSFPia materMeninges Video
CEREBRUM: CEREBRAL HEMISPHERESResponsible forsensation, communication, memory,understanding, and voluntary movementMade oftwo cerebral hemisphereswhich are connected by whitematter called thecorpus callosum
CEREBRUM: FISSURESFissures:Deep groovesLongitudinal Fissure:between two hemispheresTransverse Fissure:between cerebrum and cerebellum.Transverse Fissure
CEREBRUM: SULCI AND GYRISulci:Shallow grooves thatdemarcate lobesCentral Sulcus,Parieto-occipital SulcusLateral SulcusGyri:Thick fold or ridgeParieto-occipitalsulcus
CEREBRAL LOBESFrontalParietalTemporalOccipital
FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF CEREBRAL CORTEXFrontal lobePrimary motor areaBroca’s areaParietal lobePrimary somatosensory areaTemporal lobePrimary auditory areaWernicke’s areaOccipital lobePrimary visual cortexLobes of the Brain Video
FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF CEREBRAL CORTEXOutlined are the major functional areas
SENSORY AND MOTOR HOMUNCULUSHuman body’s spatial representation in the brainEach hemisphere receives information from opposite side
CEREBRAL LATERALIZATIONThe difference in function of the cerebral hemispheresLeft hemisphere: categorical hemisphereBreaks information into fragments andanalyzesit in a linear waySpecialized inlanguage, math, science and skillsRight hemisphere: representational hemispherePerceives information in a more integrated holistic waySpecialized in

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Arachnoid mater, choroid plexus

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