115_hw02 - Ling 115 G Buckley 10 Sept 2014 HOMEWORK 2...

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Ling 115, G. Buckley 10 Sept 2014 1 H OMEWORK 2 Akkadian Cuneiform DUE W EDNESDAY , S EPTEMBER 17 On the next page are four lines of Akkadian poetry, plus a few extra words that will help you figure out the sign values in the poetry. The lines come from the Babylonian creation myth Enûma Eli š , specifically a section that gives the Fifty Names of Marduk; this was the chief god of Babylon who is elevated to the supreme god of the pantheon. Below the first row contains the Akkadian signs, the second contains the transcription, and the third contains an English gloss. At the bottom is a list of all of the signs used, numbered so that you can refer to the signs in that manner. The sign forms here are Neo-Assyrian, and therefore more abstract than the more typically Sumerian forms used in lecture. Remember the three basic types of cuneiform signs: L OGOGRAMS – Signs used logographically stand for a whole word, or a whole root. They sometimes are followed by syllabograms that express suffixal material, or that more generally tell the reader how to pronounce the last part of the word.
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