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Human Sexuality Assignment 14Essay Questions1. Discuss current and historical perspectives of masturbation. (10 points)Christians and Jews viewed masturbation as a negative formof pleasure and that reproduction was the only form of sexual intercourse that should be used. In the 18thcentury masturbation as seen as evil and that losing semen was bad for your health so people supported sexual abstinence. In 1976, masturbation was viewed as a “disorderly act”.Over time, psychoanalysts realized that masturbation is natural and is not harmful to our bodies. People began to realize that masturbation is positive and a healthy sexual activity because it relieves sexual tension and helps people with exploring their own bodies.2. Describe the four origins of sexual difficulties discussed in the text. (10 points)Physiological factors, cultural influences, individual factors, and relationship factors are the four origins of sexual difficulties. Physiological factors affect sex so exams help solve these problems. Other factors that affect sex physiologically are prescriptions, chronic illnesses, surgeries, disabilities, and smoking cigarettes. Medications have had an effect on sexual functioning so it is important to ask your doctor the side effects because other medications can be substituted for a milder effect on a person’s sexual relationship.The next factor is the cultural influences, which consists of negative childhood learning, double standard, and performance anxiety. People are brought up being taught what sex is and how it should be perceived. Some people view sex as a sin or