ch.14-16 4 - Question The Reconstruction era is generally...

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Question: The Reconstruction era is generally divided into two phases, the presidential phase lasting from 1865-1867 and the congressional phase stretching from 1867-1876. Citing specific programs and policies, indicate how the two phases differed.Introduction: At the Civil end in 1865, many questions faced the united nation. First, under what conditions would Southern states be readmitted to the Union? Second, what would be the status of the freedmen? Black leaders hoped that their service in the military would gain them equal rights, especially a chance to earn wages and property. Finally, what would be done with the rebels? The process of Reconstruction was the solution to Lincoln's plea “to bind up the nation’s wounds.” However, the process and time period of Reconstruction is generally divided into 2 phases, the presidential phase from 1865-1867 and the congressional phase from 1867-1876.Body:Lincoln (Presidential)Wade-Davis Bill (July 1864)Congress, who had another vision, responded with hostility to Lincoln’s 10% Plansimply required that 10% of those voters who had voted in the 1860 election swear an oath of allegiance to the Union and accept emancipation through the 13th Amendment. Republicans Stevens and Sumner contended that southerners organized as foreign nation to make war on USBy seceding, claimed themselves as “conquered foreign lands”Radical Republicans thought that Lincoln’s plan was too lenient and so enacted Wade-Davis of 1864. bill emerged with 3 conditionsConf states ruled by military governor and require 50% of the electorate to swear an oath of allegiance to US.

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