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Running head-Criminal justice 1Criminal justice (racial and ethnic discrimination)NameAffiliated institution
Running head-Criminal justice 2i.Stating the problemThe current criminal justice has policies that need to be amended in order to fight racial segregation in the entire society of the United States of AmericaExplanation Currently, the criminal justice has made policies which act as the second highway used by the states to discriminate the people of color (Coker, 2003). These policies have made the people of color spent most of their lives in prisons and jails, meaning that they have a criminal record which highly impacts on how they live their lives later even after being released. Due to their criminal records, they are denied special help from the state organizations. They can no longer find good jobs, decent housing and pertinent social services. The most affected populationis African American, the Latinos and the Hispanics who reside in America. Due to a number of barriers resulting from the policies developed by the criminal justice, the people of the minority races are now forced to live in poverty. So as to counter the problem of criminal activities, a lot needs to be done to fight this poverty, and that can only be achieved if the country is willing to come up with impressive criminal justice policies that will help these people live a positive and productive life (Neugebauer, 2000). II. FACTORS BEARING THE PROBLEMAn overview of the facts on the problemThere are four main factors that bear the problem of discrimination in America. These factors include Equality, Education, Employment Opportunities and Enfranchisement (Baker, 1994). These factors will later on be discussed in this paper. Racial and ethnic discrimination has
Running head-Criminal justice 3existed right from the colonial and slave era in the United States. Those days, white people in America had more privileges than other races like the Native Americans, the African American population, the Asians living in America and Anglo-Americans. The white Americans had more right to pertinent needs like education, migration, voting, land, and citizenship. They also had more rights when it came to criminal procedures in courts. Due to these discriminations and howthey were affecting the people of color, civil rights movement developed and started a fight which would later lead to equality. For example, the VII civil rights act was designed in 1964 andwas meant to protect individuals against discrimination in employment. It stated that it was a crime to discriminate an individual from employment on the basis of origin, sex and religion. No one needed to be discriminated when being hired, promoted, or compensated for a job and in training. No one should make judgments which were based on stereotypes and assumptions about the abilities, traits and performance of an individual based on the type of race he or she comes from. Racial discrimination was practiced in the American society in that there were slaves, Indian wars, Native Americans who had their own residential schools.