CHAPTER 18 - Chapter 18 THE AGE OF THE CITY SEATTLE IN THE...

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THE AGE OF THE CITY C h a p t e r 1 8SEATTLE IN THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY The late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were times of tremendous urban growth in many areas of the United States. This postcard of downtown Seattle shows a dense and bustling city almost all of whose buildings are relatively new. (© PoodlesRock/Corbis)
497S I G N I F I C A N T E V E N T ST1836 Mount Holyoke College founded as seminary for women1840s Modern baseball established1850 First urban tenement built in New York City1859 New York City’s Central Park opened1865 Vassar College founded1869 Princeton and Rutgers play first intercollegiate football game1870 New York City opens elevated railroadsWellesley College founded1871 Great fires destroy much of Chicago and BostonSmith College founded1872 Tammany’s Boss Tweed convicted of corruptionMontgomery Ward distributes first catalog1876 Baseball’s National League foundedJohns Hopkins University creates first modern graduate school1879 Carlisle Indian Industrial School founded in PennsylvaniaSalvation Army begins operations in AmericaFirst F. W. Woolworth store opens in Utica, New York1882 Congress restricts Chinese immigration1883 Brooklyn Bridge opened1884 First steel girder “skyscraper” built in ChicagoWilliam Dean Howells publishes The Rise of Silas Lapham1887 American Protective Association foundedSears Roebuck begins business in Chicago1890 Jacob Riis publishes How the Other Half Lives1891 James Naismith invents basketball1893 Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago1894 Immigration Restriction League founded1895 Stephen Crane publishes The Red Badge of CourageBoston opens first subway in AmericaFirst Coney Island amusement park opens1899 Kate Chopin publishes The Awakening1900 Theodore Dreiser publishes Sister Carrie1901 Baseball’s American League founded1903 Boston Red Sox win first World SeriesHenry James publishes The Ambassadors1906 Earthquake and fire destroy much of San FranciscoUpton Sinclair publishes The Jungle1910 National College Athletic Association founded to regulate college football1913 Ashcan School artists stage Armory Show in New York City1915 D. W. Griffith’s The Birth of a NationdebutsHEINDUSTRIALIZATIONANDCOMMERCIALIZATIONof America changed the face of society in countless ways. Nowhere were those changes more profound than in the growth of cities and the creation of an urban society and culture. Having begun its life as a primarily agrarian republic, the UnitedStates in the late nineteenth century was becoming an urban nation. The change did not come easily. Cities grew so rapidly that their facilities and institutions could not keep pace. Housing, transportation, sewers, social services, governments—all lagged far behind the enormous demands the new urban population was placing on them. American sensibilities lagged behind as well. Many people rebelled at the new and intimidating pace of urban life and at

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