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Unformatted text preview: Psychoanalytic Perpective Personality- an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. Free Association- in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which a person relaxes and says what ever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing. Psychoanalysis- Freud’s theory of personality that attributes our thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions. Unconscious- according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, information processing of which we are unaware. Id- contains a reservoir of unconscious energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle , demanding immediate gratification. Ego- the largely conscious, “executive” part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle , satisfying the id’s desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain. Superego- (the conscience) the part of the personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment and for future aspirations. Psychosexual Stages- the childhood stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) during which, according to Freud, the id’s pleasure- seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones. Oedipus Complex- according to Freud, a boy’s sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father. Identification- the process by which, according to Freud, children incorporate their parents’ values into their developing superegos. Fixation- according to F, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, where conflicts were unresolved. Defense Mechanisms- in psychoanalytic theory , the ego’s protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality. Repression- in PT , the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness. Regression- defense mechanism in which an individual is faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated. Reaction Formation- psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites. Thus, people may express feelings that are the opposite of their anxiety-arousing unconscious feelings. Projection- psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others....
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Fall '08 term at UMass (Amherst).
- Fall '08