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behaviorism - Erik Erikson an early 20th century Freudian...

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Erik Erikson, an early 20 th century Freudian ego-psychologist, developed what he called the epigenetic principle. Much like Freud’s five stages of psychosexual development, Erikson’s personality theory is based upon eight stages of developmental life. Unlike Freud’s model, however, the epigenetic principle follows individuals throughout their entire life, rather than just through childhood, and is categorized by the eight psychosocial crises that individuals are said to experience at that stage – such as industry vs. inferiority in stage 4 at 7-12 years old, or integrity vs. despair in stage 8 at 50 or older. Erikson’s theory offers a solid explanation for psychological development as it takes into account personality growth during all stages of life and many psychologists since Erikson’s publication in 1959 have accepted the epigenetic principle as the leading theory of personality development.
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