Chapter10studysheet-6

Chapter10studysheet- - Linguistics 3430 Fall 2007 Study Sheet Saeed Chapter 10"Formal Semantics The main point In this chapter we continue

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Linguistics 3430 Fall 2007 Study Sheet Saeed, Chapter 10 “Formal Semantics” The main point . In this chapter, we continue discussion of logically oriented approaches to language meaning begun in chapter 4. In these approaches, sentences are identified as being true or false depending upon whether they accurately reflect situations out in the world. This chapter enriches our understanding of logically oriented semantics by introducing us to predicate  logic , quantifiers , models , and set theory . After reading the chapter, try to answer the questions below. 1. List the three stages of semantic analysis that formal semantics involves. 2. How does predicate logic differ from propositional logic (which we studied in Chapter 4) with respect to the way in which sentences are represented? 3. What is an argument in the sense of predicate logic and how are arguments represented? 4. Does predicate logic appear to concern itself with the kinds of semantic roles that we looked at in Chapter 6? 5. Does predicate logic allow us to represent the difference between information that is asserted and information that is presupposed? Give a specific example to illustrate your answer. 6. What kinds of statements can we represent using quantifiers that we couldn’t represent if we didn’t have quantifiers? 7. What two quantifiers are used in predicate logic and does each correspond to a particular expression in English? 8. What is the
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course LING 3430 taught by Professor Michaelis during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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Chapter10studysheet- - Linguistics 3430 Fall 2007 Study Sheet Saeed Chapter 10"Formal Semantics The main point In this chapter we continue

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