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Test 2 Sociology 201Fall 20121. What type of science is sociology? (see Tree of Science in Bb Content)a.Social, experimental, observational, syntheticb.Behavioral, observational, synthetic, analyticc.Social, analytic, syntheticd.Behavioral, observational, analytice.Social, observational, synthetic
2. A “population” is
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3. A “sample” is
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4. A “random” sample is
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5. Correlation
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a.Is a measure of the degree to which two variables vary together such that a change(increase or decrease) in one variable coincides with a similar or inverse change in asecond variableb.Correlation coefficients (as seen in class) can be negative(varying in oppositedirections – as one variable gets larger, the other gets smaller, orvice versa) orpositive(as one variable gets larger or gets smaller, the other gets larger or smaller,respectively)c.Correlation coefficients (as seen in class) have mathematical limits of -1 (a perfectnegative correlation) and +1 (a perfect positive correlation).d.A correlation coefficient of 0 means that the two variables do not vary together in apatterned waye.All of the above
6. ThePearson rcorrelation measure shown repeatedly in class is a measure suited to_________ relationships.
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CURVILINEAR:The above graph is a scatter plot and R2for the correlation of male median income and economic inequality,across the states.LINEAR:
The above graph is a scatter plot and R2for the correlation of conservative religious beliefs and the status ofwomen, across the states.“Science and Scientific Knowledge” lecture notes:7. Philosophically the first question of science is: