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CASE STUDY --- DRUG STUDY.docx - Name and classification of...

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Name andclassification ofdrugDose,Frequency,Route,Duration ofadministrationMechanism ofActionIndicationsContraindicationsAdverse EffectsNursing ResponsibilityGeneric:ParacetamolBrand: BiogesicClass:AntipyreticDose: 300 mgFrequency: q4PRN for painRoute: IVDuration:It is used to;Control of paindue toheadache,earache,dysmenorrhea, arthralgia,myalgia, musculoskeletalpain,arthritis,immunizations, teething,tonsillectomyReducefeverin viral andbacterial infectionsContraindicatedtopatient with;1.Renal Insufficiency2.Anemia3.Livertoxicity(hepatocytenecrosis)mayoccur with dosesnot far beyondlabeled dosing.4.If 3 or morealcoholic drinks perday are consumed,consult a physicianprior to use.The adverse effects ofParacetamol are the ff;1.Minimal GI upset.2.Methemoglobinemia3.Hemolytic Anemia4.Neutropenia5.Thrombocytopenia6.Pancytopenia7.Leukopenia8.Urticaria9.CNS stimulation10.Hypoglycemic coma11. Jaundice12. Glossitis13. Drowsiness14. Cyanosis15. N/V16. Dyspnea17.Abdominal pain18.Liver DamageNursingresponsibilitiesand patient teachings;1.Do not exceed4gm/24hr. in adultsand 75mg/kg/day inchildren.2.Do not take for>5days for pain inchildren, 10 daysfor pain in adults,or more than 3 daysfor fever in adults.3.Extended-Releasetablets are not to bechewed.4.Monitor CBC, liverand renal functions.5.Avoid using OTCdrugswithAcetaminophen.6.Take with food ormilk to minimizeGI upset.7.ReportN&V.cyanosis, shortnessofbreathandabdominal pain asthese are signs oftoxicity.8.Reportpaleness,weakness,andheartbeat skips9.Report abdominalpain, jaundice, dark
urine, itchiness orclay-colored stools.10. Report pain thatpersists for morethan 3-5 days11.Avoid alcohol.12.This drug is not forregular use withany form of liverdisease.Generic:CefuroximeBrand: CeftinClass:AntibioticDose: 1.5 gmIV as loadingdose then 750mg IVFrequency: q8hRoute: IVDuration:UnknownChemicaleffect:inhibitscell-wallsynthesis,promotingosmoticinstability;usuallybactericidal.Therapeuticeffect:hindersorkillssusceptiblebacteria,including manygram-positiveorganisms andenteric gram-negative bacilli.It is used to;Treatforpharyngitis,tonsillitis, infections of theurinaryandlowerrespiratory tracts, UTI,surgical prophylaxis andskin and skin-structureinfections coli.Contraindicatedtopatient with;1.Contraindicated inpatientshypersensitivetodrug.2.Use cautiously inpatientshypersensitive topenicillin becauseof possibility ofcross-sensitivitywith other beta-lactam antibiotics.3.Use with caution inbreast-feedingwomen and inpatientswithhistory of colitis orrenal sufficiency.The adverse effects ofCefuroxime are the ff;1.Shock2.Erythemamultiform3.Hypersensitivity4.Renalinsufficiency5.Hematologicaldisorders6.Abdominal pain7.Diarrhea8.Thrombophlebitis(IV site); pain,burning, cellulitis(IMsite);superinfections,positiveCoombs'test.

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