04.30.15 - Recap 1 History of circulation of good and food...

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Recap: 1. History of circulation of good and food, global linkage 2. 2 case studies: spice and rice 3. Conceptual implication: a) Multiple trajectories, represent stories not singular but diverse and Shaped by inequality of power b) History gives us a lenses of deep globalization in pre-modern and early modern; changes in eco system and political economy c) Power geometry of global movement, different things for different people of different time Cultural Perspective on War and Security 1. Overview a) War and security in change context shaping of terrorism, counter terrorism, and tech war b) Culture assumptions, not only domestic and national, security in context of interstate and international relations c) What happen when we bring culture aspect? c.i. Security is culturally natural, shape by military strategies, geo-politics, tech solutions c.ii. War and security: cultural meaning 2. Objective: to construct a conceptual framework for understanding war in a cultural way a) The state: main actor in strategy and in war; not culturally natural actor, but political formation that produced through intersecting axis of inequality. b) The military: as a fighting machine. Information technology as value neutral and culturally neutral. c) Violence: relationship between violence in war and structural violence, situate violence socially and culturally. Sexual violence and comfort women. It’s a extreme example of how sexual violence and sexual slavery frequently accompany of war. 3. Dominant perspectives on war and security: realist and neorealist theories a) The state as a neutral actor: rule of state is centered in both weighing war and bringing peace. UN peacekeeping force: first by states, then send by armies. Consequences of peacekeeping force: increasing sexual problems; these forces that bring about peace to violence; states to invite peacekeeping force to wage wars to create peace; civil wars in the last 20 years, wars between different ethnical groups, UN force somehow be neutral, but they end up taking sides. b) Rational self-interest of states: realist perspectives c) States as sovereign actors: need to operate as this, autonomous. c.i. Implication: Security is in trusted in the state. However, in fact, states are not neutral actors and not sovereign actors. States are often contradictions, push-and-pull factors. When we assume the state work in the interest in the nation and in the security of large community, what is the security we are talking about? c.ii. Neo-realism: to upon and assume they world is divided in the two super power; bi-polar system; end of the Cold War; re-emergency after 911. The form after 911 was articulated in the statements of president
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Bush, “that you are either with us or against us”. Terrorism. Interstate system to a bi-polar mobility. War is a funding figure of realistic.
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