SOC 101 Notes Summer 2015 - SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology Final Exam Study Guide Summer 2015 Aaron Hoy Unit 1 An Introduction to Sociological

SOC 101 Notes Summer 2015 - SOC 101 Introduction to...

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SOC 101: Introduction to Sociology Final Exam Study Guide Summer 2015 – Aaron Hoy Unit 1: An Introduction to Sociological Reasoning Important People in Sociology: Empirical (European) vs. Normative (more American) Empirical attempts to apprehend the world how it is Normative describes what the world ought to be Auguste Comte o Coined the term sociologist in 1842 o Fused “socist” (Greek for companion) and “logy” meaning study o Relations between people o First called social physics o Initial argument- people experienced intellectual anarchy. A shared belief of how society works no longer- diversity o Understanding transformed in a predictable way o Believed society developed through the law of three stages The Law of Three Stages: Theological stage- (religious understanding- predominate) Metaphysical stage- stage philosophy Positive/scientific stage o Rocky transformation between 2 nd and 3 rd stage and it caused intellectual anarchy Emile Durkheim o Process of institutionalization o Philosophy formal science o Interested in social solidarity o Human behavior cannot be understood in terms of the individual; social forces are key o Pre-modern  modern o Mechanical solidarity  Organic Solidarity o In organic Society they all still needed one another (fragile) which could lead to instability and that is what Europe was going through at that time. o Positivist sociology” studying facts as thins can describe and predict the social world o Society is a science of social facts. 1 Mechanical Solidarity Organic Solidarity Resulted from likeness of experience Took more specialized tasks Similar lives = similar values Did not do same thing Society held by interdependence
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Geminscheft Intimate relationships participate to bring us satisfaction (ex. Families) Gesellschaft a means to a speciffic end impersonal (ex. buisness partner relationship, tutors) Suicide results from too much intergration Regulation- Degree to which people are bound to society (how much freedom)? Social conditions that enduce isolation/lonliness intergration- embedded within communities or groups SOC 101: Introduction to Sociology Final Exam Study Guide Summer 2015 – Aaron Hoy Facts are “suigeneris” (of its own kind) They were important because we only had one way to study society o DURKHEIM EXAMPLE : studied suicide (large scale empirical study) o Suicide rates were different across populations and countries o They were lower among Catholics and married people o Durkheim took suicide and turned it into a social conflict o Too much regulation creates fatalistic suicide o Anomic  no regulation (Homeless) Ferdinand T Ӧ nmies (German School of Thought) o Tried to understand chaos of Europe by looking at transformation in personal relationships 2 Altruistic Suicide Anomic (anomie) Suicide Fatalistic Suicide Egotistic Suicide Produces Instability
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SOC 101: Introduction to Sociology Final Exam Study Guide Summer 2015 – Aaron Hoy o
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