speech midterm

speech midterm - 20:29:00 ← Speech 180 Midterm Exam Study...

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Unformatted text preview: 07/03/2007 20:29:00 ← Speech 180 Midterm Exam Study Guide ← ← ← Possible Question Types: Multiple Choice, Short Answer/Essay, Fill-in, Lists, Diagrams, and Definitions. All class activities are eligible for reference and activity. ← ← Chapter 1 ← Similarities and differences between conversation and Public Speaking • Similarities o Organize thoughts logically o Tailor message towards audience o Tell story for maximum input o Adapt to listeners feedback • Differences o Public speaking is more highly structured o Public speaking requires more formal language o Public speaking requires different method of delivery ← Be able to discuss, give examples and diagram the communication process ← In whole and in parts • Speaker o Person who is presenting an oral message to a listener • Message o Whatever a speaker communicates to someone else • Channel o Means by which a message is communicated • Listener o The person who receives the speakers’ message • Feedback o Messages, usually nonverbal, sent from listener to speaker • Interference o Anything that impedes the communication of message. Can be external or internal to listeners • Situation o Time and place in which speech communication occurs ← Important terms to understand: Critical thinking, ethnocentrism, frame of reference, feedback, audience adaptation, co-culture • Critical thinking o Focused, organized thinking about such things as the logical relationships among ideas, the soundness of evidence and the difference between fact and opinion • Ethnocentrism o Belief that ones own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures • Frame of reference o Sum of a person’s knowledge, experience, goals, values, and attitudes. No two people can have exactly the same frame of reference. • Audience adaptation o Adapt to audiences verbal, facial, and physical reactions • Co-culture o ← ← Chapter 2 ← Guidelines for Ethical Speaking and Listening • Make sure your goals are ethically sound • Be fully prepared for each speech • Be honest in what you say • Avoid name-calling and other forms of abusive language • Put ethical principles into practice ← Types of Plagiarism • Global o Stealing a speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as your own • Patchwork o Stealing ideas or language from two or three sources and passing them off as your own • Incremental o Failing to give credit for a particular parts of a speech that are borrowed form other people o Paraphrases To restate or summarize an author’s ideas in one’s own words ← Be able to give examples of unethical speaking tactics • Be courteous and attentive •...
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speech midterm - 20:29:00 ← Speech 180 Midterm Exam Study...

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