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english study guide

english study guide - 1:45:00 PM Key Terms Argument mature...

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17/10/2007 15:45:00 Key Terms Argument - mature reason Mature reasoning -not the first position you might take on an issue but the  best position determined through open-minded inquiry Qualities of a Mature Reasoner: o well informed o self critical and open to constructive criticism o argue with their audience or readers in mind o know their arguments context aims of an argument o to inquire- using reasoning to determine the best position on an issue purpose: seeks truth audience: oneself, friends, colleagues  situation: informal dialogue method: questions o to convince- offering reasons and evidence in support of an opinon purpose: seeks assent to a thesis audience: less intimate, wants careful reasoning situation: more formal, monologue method: case-making o to persuade- attempts to influence not just thinking but also behavior
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purpose: seeks action audience: more broadly public less academic situation: pressing need for a decision method: appeals to reason and emotions o to mediate-try to work out the conflict themselves to preserve a  relationship purpose: seeks consensus audience: polarized by differences situation: need to cooperate, preserve relations method: “give and take” Reasoning
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