6|BONE TISSUE AND THESKELETAL SYSTEMFigure 6.1 Child Looking at BonesBone is a living tissue. Unlike the bones of a fossil made inert by a process ofmineralization, a child’s bones will continue to grow and develop while contributing to the support and function of otherbody systems. (credit: James Emery)IntroductionChapter ObjectivesAfter studying this chapter, you will be able to:•List and describe the functions of bones•Describe the classes of bones•Discuss the process of bone formation and development•Explain how bone repairs itself after a fracture•Discuss the effect of exercise, nutrition, and hormones on bone tissue•Describe how an imbalance of calcium can affect bone tissueBones make good fossils. While the soft tissue of a once living organism will decay and fall away over time, bone tissuewill, under the right conditions, undergo a process of mineralization, effectively turning the bone to stone. A well-preservedCHAPTER 6 | BONE TISSUE AND THE SKELETAL SYSTEM203Download for free at ."Bone Tissue and the Skeletal System" from Anatomy and Physiologyby OpenStax College is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license. © 2013, Rice University.