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Unformatted text preview: — 1 — Problem. Derivatives re-visited 1 In engineering and scientific problems, the data are often “noisy”: even if the tabulated function f ( x ) is supposed to be nice and smooth, errors in measurement and computation might affect the result. Often the errors in measuring f are independently random and roughly of the same magnitude for each x . If that is the case and you have some additional information about function f (e.g., f might be known to be linear, or quadratic, or exponential, etc.), then you can recover “the most likely” true values of the smooth f from your noisy measurements. Here we address a somewhat different problem: detecting an isolated error in the tabulation of a smooth function. We will assume that all f ( x i ) ’s are listed correctly, except for one x j for which f ( x j ) was computed or measured with much less precision. Our task (to find x j among the benign x i ’s) is not as easy as it sounds. Table 1 on the next page contains values of a smooth function’s) is not as easy as it sounds....
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- Fall '07
- Derivative, Smooth function