Study Guide for Final ExamHIST 2111CSU -- Dr. Adam TateTuesday, May 5, 2015 – 10:15am-12:15pmJohn Rolfe:one of the early English settlers of North America. He is credited with the first successful cultivation of tobacco as an export crop in the Colony of Virginia and is known as the husband of Pocahontas, daughter of the chief of the Powhatan Confederacy.John Smith: (1580-June 21, 1631) was an English soldier, sailor, and author. He is remembered for his role in establishing the first permanent English settlement in North America at Jamestown, Virginia, and his brief association with the Native American girl Pocahontas during an altercation with the Powhatan Confederacy and her father, Chief Powhatan. He was a leader of the Virginia Colony (based at Jamestown) between 1607 and 1609, and led an exploration along the rivers of Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay.Nathaniel Bacon:was a wealthy colonist of the Virginia Colony, famous as the instigator of Bacon's Rebellion of 1676, which collapsed when Bacon himself died from dysentery.Samuel de Champlain: Samuel de Champlain was a French explorer who sailed to the West Indies, Mexico, and Panama. He wrote many books telling of his trips to Mexico City and NiagaraFalls. His greatest accomplishment was his exploration of the St. Lawrence River and his latter settlement of Quebec.Pontiac’s Rebellion:during the French and Indian War Chief Pontiac gathered up Native American groups and captured British posts, primitive use of biological warfare on blankets, weakened Indian alliance and British won, Indians came to a peace agreement and British took control of the landThomas Paine:Paine published his pamphlet Common Sense in January 1776, exhorting Americans to rise in opposition to the British government and establish a new government based on Enlightenment ideals. Historians have cited the publication of this pamphlet as the event that finally sparked the Revolutionary War. Paine also published rational criticisms of religion, most famously in The Age of Reason (1794-1807)Thomas Jefferson: Thomas Jefferson was a member of the House of Burgesses, wrote the Declaration of Independence, was ambassador to France, and was the President of the United States of America. He did all these things before, during, and after the Revolutionary war. With his Declaration of Independence he declared the colonies' freedom from England. While President, he bought the Louisiana Purchase and had Lewis and Clark to explore it.George Washington: His first military action occurred on the frontier in 1754. During a campaign to dislodge French and Indian troops in the Ohio Valley, his troops were overwhelmedat Fort Necessity by a larger and better positioned French and Indian force. Released by the French, he later became an aide to British General Edward Braddock. By 1758, he participated in
the expedition that prompted French evacuation of Fort Duquesne, and British establishment ofPittsburgh.