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Unformatted text preview: Psych 101 Module 1 The History and Scope of Psychology 24/08/2007 16:02:00 ♦ Psychology- the scientific study of behavior and mental process • Behavior is anything an organism does- any action we can observe • Mental processes are internal, subjective experiences we infer from behaviors ♦ Aristotle went against Socrates and Plato with the idea that knowledge is not preexisting and instead grows from the experiences stored in our memories. ♦ Descartes believed in the existence of innate ideas and the mind’s being “entirely distinct from the body and able to survive its death”. ♦ John Locke said that the mind at birth is a blank slate on which experience writes. • This idea formed empiricism- the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation....
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- Fall '06
- MAAS, J
- Psychology, scientific study, Scope of Psychology, mental process Behavior, funcitonalist encouraging explorations