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Chapter 1 - Basic Concepts in Assessment of Learning (Part 2 of 2) without recording.pdf

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Assessment of Learning 1EDUC 75Part 2 of 2
Forms ofAssessmentØFixed-Choice Performance§requires the examinees to select ananswer from a given option
ØComplex-performance assessmenthands-on laboratoryessay writingoral presentationproject§used to measure the performance of the learner incontexts and on problems valued in their own right
Use inClassroomØPlacement / Pre-test§used to determine the learner’s prerequisiteskills, and/or best modes of learning§administered at the BEGINNING of instruction§Examples: readiness test, pre-test on course objectives,self-report inventories, aptitude test, observationaltechniques
ØFormative Exam§used to determine the learner’s learning progress,provides feedback to reinforce learning, and correctslearning errors§administered DURING the instruction§Examples: teacher-made tests,custom-made tests from textbookspublishers, observational techniques
ØDiagnostic Exam§used to determine the causes of learner’s persistentlearning difficulties such as intellectual, physical,emotional and environmental difficulties
ØSummative Exam§used to determine the end-of-course achievement forassigning grades or certifying mastery of objectives§administered at the END of instruction§Examples: teacher-made surveytest, performance ratingscales
Methods ofInterpretingData§used to describe the student performanceaccording to a specified domain of clearlydefined learning tasksØCriterion-referenced§is the process of evaluating (and grading) the learning ofstudents against a set of pre-specified qualities or criteria,without reference to the achievement of others(Brown,1998; Harvey, 2004)
§Examples: multiply three-digit to whole numberscorrectly and accuratelypassing score of 70%
ØNorm-referenced§used to describe the student’s performance according torelative position in some known group§students’performanceiscommunicatedinpercentileranks, grade-equivalent scores, normal-curve equivalents,scaled scores or stanine scores§Examples: standardize aptitude test, achievement tests,teacher-made survey tests, interest inventories,adjustment inventories

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Educational Psychology, Standardized test

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