8B Post Mortem Medicine - 8: BirthoftheClinic/...

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8: Birth of Clinical Understanding of Disease Birth of the Clinic/ Post-mortem central to the redrawing of  understanding of disease  Medical professionals and medical authority able to gain autonomy without  interference because society dictated that they had the right/responsibility :  bodies, death and the patient –practitioner relationship  Conflict the ‘gift’ of a relationship  You were admitted into hospitals so that good things could happen Hospitals were places of miracle treatment and recoveries and to glean better  understanding of disease  Medical professionals felt that in exchange for cutting edge treatment, patients should participate/ be a part of medical knowledge in the development of  medical knowledge  (1990s)  Parting with Body Parts  Anatomy became absolutely critical to the training of medical professionals    Anatomical Tradition  Pre-18 th  cent. era notion of disease = an imbalance in the body  Dissection   did not play a strong role in medicine 18 th  cent. prior  in the time of Hippocrates no dissection vivisection of animals  Anatomy   artists 
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By the time Rembrandt painted his pictures, anatomy was quite significant in  terms of art People wanted to be better artists Leonardo’s dissections Post-mortem    opening the body to discern the extent of internal injuries –  discern function and structure of the body  Organs, tissues and fluids Teaching about the nature of the body Bodies of executed criminals: used for medical investigation Supply of bodies  In Britain, sentence would also to be handed over to the surgeons to be  anatomized as a public display Incorporated into crime  No interest in disease Art yes
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