PH510 fa14 Options for interventions

PH510 fa14 Options for interventions - Options for...

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Options for Intervention September 26, 2014 PH510 Fall 2014 1
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Today’s objectives Describe the importance of developing a theory of a health problem (‘web of causation’) prior to selecting an intervention. Discuss the major psychological models of health behavior: Health belief model Locus of control theory Ecological model Identify and describe the five levels of influence on health behaviors included the in the social-ecological model . Identify which of the above intervention strategies are being used for specific health interventions. Discuss the importance of the social and physical environment on health behaviors and the likelihood of changing behaviors. Explain what is meant by the 5-tier pyramid of public health interventions 2
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Review: PH 510 Part One: Core concepts and tools of public health History of public health Understanding surveillance Disease frequency Analytical epidemiology Difficulties in disease determinants Interventions Program evaluation Policy Part Two: Controversies in Public Health Five current problems 3
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Social structure, heredity, & environment are powerful forces that prevent fair distribution of burdens & benefits. Social Justice : fundamental rights and minimum levels of education, health care, income, housing, etc. Market Justice : individual responsibility, minimal obligation to the common good, & individual freedom (to be left alone). The Tension in Public Health The Tension in Public Health 4
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Restrictions & Penalties Public Health Is Controversial Who pays? Who benefits? Personal Responsibility Power of The State Moral & Religious Opposition Cost of PH vs. Benefit Political Interference Limits of Scientific Information Individual Liberty Economic Interests What Causes Poor Health?
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