Chapter 5

Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 The Self and Identity I. A. 1. 2. 3....

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Chapter 5 The Self and Identity I. Why Emphasize the Study of Self Views During Adolescence A. Physical change may cause changes in self views. 1. New body image. 2. Other’s changing reactions to the self. 3. Changing competencies and abilities relate to culturally defined roles--worker. B. Cognitive changes relate to how we view the self. C. Long history of interest in self views. 1. Freud. 2. Hall. 3. Erikson. 4. Key is integration of something new into the self. An Exercise on Different Self Views Complete 10 times the stem: I AM ___________ Where 1 = poorly, badly, unhappy, etc. and 5 = good, happy, pleased, etc. Rate each for how you GENERALLY feel about it. Now rate each for how you feel about it RIGHT NOW. What do you most hope to become? What do you most fear becoming? Write a brief paragraph on the basic values and ideals that make you you.
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II. There are Multiple Self-views A. The 20 stmts. test (I Am. ...=Self-concept--dimensions on which we view the self (self-concept). Measure different dimensions of the self 1. With age, more abstract answers (vocational roles, ideology, self-determination, psychic style). Formal operational thinking 2. Adolescents can ask ”Who am I?" and answer in more than concrete terms. We can project ourselves into the future B. Rate 1-5 as you generally feel--baseline self-esteem. 1. Changes slowly— student self esteem decreases when changing schools. b. Changes over the life-span. Graph on pg 147 (curves are based on the US) Life-Span Base-Line Self-Esteem C. Rate 1-5 as you feel right now--barometric self-esteem. Changes from moment to moment D. Most feared/most want to be = possible selves. Guide our behavior E. Statement of values = identity, guides your behavior. What is really important to you? makes up your identity F. Other characteristics of self: 1. Differentiation. 2. Real/ideal; true/false. Small difference between real and ideal self is healthy. False self is shown most in romantic situations 3. Self-consciousness.
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Seeking validation from friends 4. Self-integration. Various “selves” become connected III. All Are Means of Self Understanding. A. Means of knowing self change with development. B. Adolescents see self in more abstract terms than children. C. Damon and Hart--4 levels or stages of self- understanding. 1. Early childhood--separate categories. We see the self as separate categories
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course PSY 336 taught by Professor Dusek during the Spring '08 term at Syracuse.

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Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 The Self and Identity I. A. 1. 2. 3....

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