Seizure A seizure is the physical manifestation of a sudden disruption of orderly communication between neurons in the brain A seizure can take a variety of forms, depending on where the disruption occurs and how far the resulting abnormal electrical activity spreads
Epilepsy is one of the most common disorders of the nervous system, affecting more than 3 million Americans While epilepsy can develop at any time of life, the occurrence of new cases is more common in children and in people older than 60 years of age In most cases, the cause of epilepsy is unknown The word “epilepsy” is derived from a Greek word meaning “to seize” Many notable people in history have been diagnosed with or are believed to have had some form of epilepsy, including: Julius Caesar Albert Einstein Agatha Christie
Epilepsy vs. Seizures A seizure is defined by release of excessive and uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain. Seizures themselves are not a disease, they are an event . Epilepsy (seizure disorder ) is a neurological condition , that in different times produce brief disturbances in the electrical functions of the brain. Seizures are a symptom of epilepsy .
Precipitating Events: Non-epileptic seizures • Fever • Stress/fatigue induced • Withdrawal seizures of alcoholics • Infectious diseases • Do not require anticonvulsants
Precipitating Events: Epileptic Seizures • Anxiety or apprehension • Bright lights (video games?) • Certain smells • Fatigue (sleep deprivation) • Recreational drugs • Concurrent illness • Psychological stress • Non-compliance with seizure medications • Menstrual periods • Other precipitating events • No known precipitating event
Kinds of Seizure
Defining Different Seizure Types Partial seizures Seizures that initially affect one specific area in one hemisphere of the brain May or may not cause an
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- Summer '15
- Neurology, Seizure, Seizures