Chapter11-Lecture-BookNotes - ReFormation Denition Reformation of What Religion Where Mainly Central Germany By Whom Challenge comes from within the

Chapter11-Lecture-BookNotes - ReFormation Denition...

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ReFormation Definition Reformation of What Religion Where Mainly Central Germany By Whom Challenge comes from within the catholic church first real challenged to the RCC was the 1300, was a latin scholar for the church and was translating the document that says the pope is infallible, claimed these documents were from peter, and that guy said thats not really what it says YO Independent and clerical Individuals Reaction Society and Religion The reformation occurred when many rising nation states were trying to control all of their individual states; however the individual states that were self governed viewed this religious reformation as an ally to keep their freedom Social an Political Conflict Political Disunion of RCC Babylonian Captivity great Schism Conciliar moevment Renaissance Papacy Political disunion of Germany Inablity to enforce national religious views or reform Free imperial cities Growth of the Middle class Growth of guilds wealthy, literate, worldly\ didn ʼ t like strong central authority which would be against new comers Some German cities, which were each small kingdoms, had a protestant movement some became protestant and stayed protestant, while others were only protestant for a short period of time Guilds whose memebers were economically prospering and socially rising were in the forefront of the reformation When Luther preached a protestant sermon or gave a protestant pamphlet, he entered into the political realm, inspiring people to revolt against their rulers Popular Religious movements and Criticism of the Church Lack of Religious piety (humanism idea) Modern devotion- movment that stressed individual piety and an active common life Boarding school environment Centred in the Netherlands lay members-no formal religious education
they themselves tended to be educators At the diet of worms the emperor was handed 102 oppressive church burdens and abuses When the common man got more knowledgeable about the world, they started realizing who controlled their lives. With books and other things the common man was able to now shape his culture and community The Modern Devotion Was a boarding school for reform-minded laity. These people taught piety and practical religion The modern Devotion has been seen as the source of humanist, protestant, and catholic reform movements in the sixteenth century. Lay Control over Religious Life The system failed fast because of benefices Eventually permitted indulgences which were Sold to people to keep them out of purgatory, and their loved ones preacherships- these positions supported by the benefices, made possible the hiring of well-trained pastors who provided regular preaching and pastoral care beyond the performance of the mass.

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