Organization of all Top 10s•England•Social• Black Death (1348)-It was a plague that killed almost half the population of Europe and was caused by the overpopulation and because of lack of food. The significance is that it caused economic problems. The agricultural prices feel which made farm laborers decrease and landholders suffered because they had to pay more for the farm labor and for producing a reduced amount of crops. Also there was a peasant revolt. •Cavaliers (1642-1651)-See definition Below•Roundheads (1642-1651)-See definition Below•Old Regime- (before 1789)time when absolute monarchies and large bureaucracies were in power. Time period was from 18c Europe up to the French Revolution in 1789. •Political•Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453)-It was a war between France and England over the France throne and territory. The significance was that even though the French were much larger England defeated the French because of their small weaknesses. The disunity between the French caused them to fall.•Battle of Agincourt (October 25, 1415)-It is when popes thought that they had more power than just the spiritual power and kings questioned the popes. Significantly it brought about the Great Schism and the conciliar theory said that the pope was just a small part of the church and others in the church should be in charge as well decreasing many jobs of the popes. •Treaty of Troyes (May 21,1420)-announced that Henry was the heir to the French throne: This is significant because over all the years of war finally after a battle the French signed the Treaty. It was the dream of Edward III that had started this war for an England ruler to also rule France•Henry V of England (1386-1422)-He reignited the war and beat the French at the Battle of the Agincourt and he married the French king’s daughter which gave him a right to France’s throne. The significance is that the battle at the Agincourt England was
•Elizabeth I (1533-1603)-The daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, Elizabeth I became one of the most effective monarchs in British history. She succeeded Mary I in 1558 and reigned for the next 44 years. Important because she set up England up to become a super power.•Charles I (1600-1649)-he also strongly opposed parliament like James, and he struggled with the parliament for power constantly.•House of Hanover (1635-1918)-The House of Hanover (the Hanoverians) is a Germanic royal dynasty which has ruled the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Braunschweig-Lüneburg), the Kingdom of Hanover and the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland.•Prince William of Orange (1650-1702)-was a sovereign Prince of Orange by birth. From 1672 he governed as Stadtholder William III of Orange over Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel of the Dutch Republic.