Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo_Chapter5

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo_Chapter5 - \~qO ~ , 'T/1...

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Unformatted text preview: \~qO ~ , 'T/1 'Treatyof Cjuada{upe Jiidafgo .9LLega!fof Conflict By Richard Griswold del Castillo University of Oklahoma Press Norman and London-~-,; :~~,' 1'/,:"70 CHAPTER 5 Citizenship and Property 2?ights: , 11.5. Interpretations of the 'Treaty We have come here under this treaty; gentlemen sit in this convention under this treaty; it is in virtue of this 'treaty alone that we are possessed of this territory. , . . If we violate the stipulations of this treaty, we violate the constitution. MR. HASTINGS DEBATES IN THE CONVENTION OF CALIFORNIA Articles VIII and IX of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo '_, oset forth the terms by which the former Mexican citi- / zens and their property would be incorporated politically i into the United States. These articles in the treaty af- fected some roo,ooo Mexicans in the newly acquired ter- ritories, including a large number of Hispanicized as well as nomadic Indians in New Mexico and California. I As provided by Article VIII, a person had one year to "elect" his or her preference for Mexican citizenship. 1this were not done, it was stipulated that they had elected to be- come United States citizens and that they would be granted citizenship by Congress at some future time. The two articles also treated the property rights of the con- \ quered people. Absentee Mexican landholders would have their property "inviolably respected," and others would "be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of 62 CITIZENSHIP AND PROPERTY RIGHTS 63 " their liberty and property" (see appendix 2). In the six de- cades following the ratification of the treaty, its provi- sions regarding citizenship and property were compli- cated by legislative and judicial interpretations. In the end the U.S. application of the treaty to the realities of ,\l~' I life in the Southwest violated its spirit. ;r c)""{~ ~o MEXICAN CITIZENSHIP AND REPATRIATION V ~ {'-J.:.{L( ~~ totJ A number of persons living in the territories ceded to the United States chose to remain Mexican citizens, either DY'announcing their intent before judicial officials or by returp,ingJo Mexico. No one knows their exact number, but they were probably few in comparison to the total population in the Southwestern states and territories. The Mexican government was anxious to encourage its nationals to return to Mexico in order to populate the sparsely s.ettled northern frontier regions. Since colonial-times,Mexican governmental officials had looked toward their far northern frontier with apprehension and had tried to populate it with hardy settlers. The idea of the northern frontier as a buffer zone protecting the more civilized and wealthy settlements to the south emerged time and again in imperial planning. During the negotia- tion of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, General Santa~) Anna proposed the creation of a buffer zone to separate ....
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course POL 1133 taught by Professor Esparza during the Spring '08 term at Texas San Antonio.

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Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo_Chapter5 - \~qO ~ , 'T/1...

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