Final Exam Review

Final Exam Review - Mike Cepek, 2/19/08 ANT1013 Week 6,...

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Mike Cepek, 2/19/08 ANT1013 Week 6, Class 2: Kottak, Chapter 10 -Broad-spectrum revolution -Retreat of glaciers, disappearance of many large animals (e.g., mammoths) -Foragers turn to a more “generalized” and diverse economy -Agriculture and domestication -Basic point -Modifying the biological characteristics of plants and animals -From gathering and harvesting to “producing” -No longer living within the constraints of an environment -Actively reshaping that environment -When, where, and what? -The “Neolithic” (“New Stone Age”) -What was the Paleolithic? -Refers to the origin and impact of food production -Origin in Middle East -Food production began in four environmental zones -What are they? -Movement and relationship between these four zones was essential -Sedentism (permanent settlements) -Natufian culture (12,500 to 10,500bp) -By 11,000bp, the climate in the Natufian area got drier -Couldn’t maintain the same foraging areas (got smaller) -In general, production shifts in “marginal areas,” those with less or problematic
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Final Exam Review - Mike Cepek, 2/19/08 ANT1013 Week 6,...

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