Sample Three - Running head TIME MANAGEMENT OF PAIN...

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Running head: TIME MANAGEMENT OF PAIN ADMINISTRATION IN ER 1 Improving Time Management of Pain Administration in ER for Fractured Bones Student’s Name: Institutional Affiliation: Purpose
TIME MANAGEMENT OF PAIN ADMINISTRATION IN ER 2 This research seeks to compare the results and time needed to implement pain management procedure sin patients admitted to the emergency rooms with bone fractures or dislocations. Problem Statement Patients admitted to the emergency departments with obvious of potential dislocations are delayed pain medication with current procedures requiring radiology and labs as the first priority. Existing nursing interventions comprise covering open fractures, checking pulses, elevating, immobilizing, and ice applied (Rockwood & Green, 2004). Nonetheless, long bone, hip and pelvic fractures are not easy to maintain icepacks, elevate and painful for the patient during the process of radiology examinations. Applying a pain management procedure can enhance a patient comfort as well as well as duration of time needed for definitive treatment with splinting, realignment and overall patient satisfaction. Musculoskeletal injuries include stains, injuries, fractures, and dislocations. Alterations in joints, muscles and bones are almost caused by trauma. Trauma is a major cause of persons aged between one and forty-four. Socioeconomic levels and races are affected by cases of trauma and bone fractures (Crowther-Radulewicz & McCance, 2014). Fracture occurs when there is a break in the continuity of a bone. The discontinuity occurs when an overwhelming force exceeds the comprehensive or tensile strength of the bone (Crowther-Radulewicz & McCance, 2014). The highest prevalence of bone fractures occurs in youthful males and is a major result of trauma. The resultant pain of fracture could be too severe, followed by successive pains generated by muscle spasms, damage to adjacent soft tissue, or overriding of the fractured segments. (Crowther-Radulewicz & McCance, 2014).
TIME MANAGEMENT OF PAIN ADMINISTRATION IN ER 3 Literature Review Despite consensus with clinicians and investigators that some painful conditions such as hip and long bone fractures, regularly requires pain medication, researches have shown that a great number of patients- up to 70%- with acute pains do not get any pain medication in the emergency rooms. Many factors can be attributed to the under administration of treatment to the patients with acute pain. They include poor communication, improper reporting, in adequate education of the health service providers, misconceptions that patients usually have as well as the misconceptions on the part of healthcare providers (Alligood, 2014). Reluctance to recommend opioids by the healthcare providers and the unwillingness to take medication by the patient are some of the reasons that can be attributed to acute pains in the emergency rooms.

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