Ch 19- Drifting Toward Disunion & Ch 20- Girding the War - Chapter 19 Drifting Toward Disunion 1854-1861 The Kansas Territory erupted in violence in

Ch 19- Drifting Toward Disunion & Ch 20- Girding the War -...

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Chapter 19 Drifting Toward Disunion 1854-1861 The Kansas Territory erupted in violence in 1855 between the proslavery and antislavery factions. In 1857, the Supreme Court's Dred Scott decision permitted slavery in all Western territories, invalidating the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Stowe and Helper: Literary Incendiaries Harriet Beecher Stowe , who was white, published Uncle Tom's Cabin in 1852 as an attempt to show the North the horrors of slavery. The novel was published abroad, including France and Britain. It helped to start the Civil War and for the North to win it. Hinton R. Helper , a non-aristocrat from North Carolina, wrote The Impending Crisis of the South in 1857 . He hated both blacks and slavery, and he attempted to use statistics to prove that the non- slaveholding whites were the ones who suffered the most from slavery. The North-South Contest for Kansas Most of the people who came to Kansas were just westward-moving pioneers. The New England Emigrant Aid Company , a group of abolitionists, paid some people to move to Kansas to make it a free state. (The Kansas and Nebraska territories had popular sovereignty in choosing slavery, according to the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Nebraska was so far north that its future as a free state was never in question.) In 1855 when Kansas was having its legislature elections, many pro- slavery people came from Missouri to vote. They sought to elect pro- slavery officials. The slavery supporters won the elections and set up their own government at Shawnee Mission . The abolitionists then set up their own government in Topeka , giving the Kansas territory two governments. In 1856 , the civil war in Kansas started when a group of pro-slavery riders burned down part of the abolitionist's town of Lawrence. Kansas in Convulsion John Brown: fanatical abolitionist who, in May of 1856 , hacked to death 5 presumed pro-slavery men at Pottawatomie Creek in response to the pro- slavery events in Lawrence. Civil war flared up in Kansas in 1856 , and continued until it merged with the nation's Civil War of 1861-1865. In 1857 , Kansas had enough people to apply for statehood. Its citizens were going to vote again on whether or not to have slavery in the state of Kansas. To keep the abolitionists from creating a free state, the pro-
slavery politicians created the Lecompton Constitution . The document stated that the people were not allowed to vote for or against the constitution as a whole, rather, they could vote on whether the constitution would be " with slavery " or " without slavery ." If slavery was voted against, then one of the provisions in the constitution would protect those who already owned slaves in Kansas. Many abolitionists boycotted voting, so the constitution was approved to include slavery. James Buchanan , a Democrat, succeeded Pierce as the President of the United States in the election of 1856. He had a strong southern influence and approved of the Lecompton Constitution. Senator Stephen Douglas was strongly opposed to the document and he campaigned against it.

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