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Unformatted text preview: _ "' _' i‘l': 'Zfll'l'l‘: I'I': I'-: e'i-‘Ii'll'cl "' |:": : ': '; 1' l'i : ':l' I '.": :I'I :Lli-‘-:1-'I'-'_i-: 'I month to month? [You may select mars than one answer. Boles left wl'lh question marks will be graded as Incorrect] 3 Seasonal famous like winter or summer. 3 Systematic factors like guests. switching off fans and lights. 3 Number ofdays present in a rnond'l. El Fixed salary paid to hotel receptionist El Insome taxes paid on hotel i'loplne. Explanation. 1. Cowper-oy- Electrical Ms Costs High activity level {August} 2.405 $ 5.143 Low activity level [October] 124 1.5!!!! Change 2232 $ ssso 1it"ariable ccist = Change in cost + Change in activity = $3.561] 4- 2,232 mpancy-days = $1.56 per occupancy-day Total cost {August} $5.143 1iiI‘tII'labule cost element {$1.55 perpmpancy-clay I 2,405 occupancy-days]- BEE Faced oust element $1,395 2 Electrical costs may reflect seasonal factors odter man just the variation in occupancy days. For example. CCII‘IITHJH areas such as the reception area must be lighted for longer pel'iixls during the winter than in the summer. This will result in seasonal fluctuations in the fixed electrical cosls. Additionally. faced opsts will be effected by the number ofdays in a mcnd'l. In otherwcrds. costs ilce the costs of lighting common areas are variable 1.ririth respect to me n umberofdays in the month. but are fixed wid'l respect to how many rooms are occupied during the month. Other. less systematic. factors may also afiect electrical costs such as the frugality of individual guests. Some guests will turn off lights Iwhen they leave a room. Others will not. ...
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