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Running head: MARBURY V. MADISON1 Case Study 1: Marbury v. MadisonProfessor CollinsStrayer UniversityJuly 8, 2015
MARBURY V. MADISON2Case of Marbury v. MadisonThe case I briefed was the Marbury v. Madison case (1803), which is recognized as the most significant event that took place in the history of the United States Supreme Court. This case involved a political conflict between the federalists and anti-federalists. It also established the grounds for judicial review in the United States using the provisions of Article III. The final decision defined the boundaries within which the judicial and executive branches of government operate. This made the judiciary an independent arm of the government at par with congress andthe executive. During the presidential elections of 1800, Thomas Jefferson, a democratic republican, won and became the third president of the United States; however he was not in power until March 4, 1801. During this interim period, the outgoing President Adams still controlled the government together with the sixth congress. It was also during this period that the congress approved the Judiciary Act of 1801 as a modification to the Judiciary Act of 1789. Adams chose numerous justices whose commission were signed by the president, approved by the senate, and had the government’s official seal. For the commissions to be effective, they had to be delivered to the appointees, a task that fell on James Madison.